Monday, January 22, 2018

H6G's EW subvariant - is here with the China Naval Aviation

PLA Navy deploys ‘new type of electronic warfare aircraft’

    Global Times
    Huang Panyue


The People's Liberation Army (PLA) Navy's South China Sea Fleet deployed a "new type of electronic warfare aircraft" in its recent combat maneuvers, a move to greatly enhance the navy's capabilities in modern warfare to safeguard the country's sea rights, said Chinese military experts.

The new aircraft is the H-6G bomber developed for 10 years with the Electronic Countermeasures (ECM) pods being equipped underneath its wings. It was the first time the bomber played "a supporting role in the electronic warfare," according to Military Time, a China Central Television CCTV military program on Saturday.

The modified H-6G fitted with ECM pods can engage in combat missions using electronic jamming, suppression, and anti-radiation, the program said.

"The main role of the electronic fighters is to obstruct the enemies' electronic jamming devices - for example, radar, to temporarily or permanently, if powerful enough, cover the surveillance devices and to hide our combat platforms' track," Song Zhongping, a military expert and TV commentator, told the Global Times.

Song added that "the H-6G electronic warfare aircraft boasts of high electronic jamming power and can cover relatively bigger combat areas such as the South China Sea and East China Sea."

China has developed advanced and standardized ECM pods to modify multiple types of fighter jets for such combat requirements, such as the J-15 type fighter jets. Using the ECM pods in fighters is the most efficient and effective way, Song noted.

China's JH-7 fighter bomber was also seen carrying such ECM pods in previous PLA Air Force military practices, according to CCTV.

China's PLA Navy deploys such EMC pods carrying aircraft together with its warships and other combat vessels for electronic combat missions and to enhance combat capabilities, Song said.

PR photos of the day: PAP, China's other ground force.

It would be unwise to ignore such an important element in any China related war scenario, especally they are now part of the CMC just like their Army counterpart. 

From SCMP (here)

China brings People’s Armed Police under control of top military chiefs.  Paramilitary force will answer to body headed by President Xi Jinping

China will bring its paramilitary police force, the People’s Armed Police, under the direct control of the Central Military Commission, which controls the country’s armed forces, state media reported on Wednesday.

The 1.5 million-strong paramilitary police force previously came under a dual command structure of the CMC and the State Council, or cabinet, via the Ministry of Public Security. It serves as a backup for the military in times of war, and domestically has a role in putting down protests and counterterrorism – particularly in areas such as the restive far western Xinjiang region – as well as border defence and firefighting.

Thursday, December 14, 2017

Say goodbye to the 14 Armed Police Mobile Divisions 武警机动师

As part of the 19th CCP Party Congress deliverables, the CMC is downsizing fourteen Armed Police Mobile Divisions 武警机动师 to just four divisions.  The PAP is under the command of both the Ministry of Public Security (Civilian) and the Central Military Commission (Military).

After the downsizing is completed by end of 2018, the four reformed Mobile Divisions will lose all its supporting organizations, keeping only four training academies.   Its engineering school, political college, logistics support, Military Police units, Art-and-Entertainment troupes, hospitals and medical units, retirement homes, etc will be merged into  Ministry of Public Security HQ or decommissioned altogether.  (here)  Its existing "Corp Level Grade" will be changed to "Division Level Grade", making it much less powerful within the Chinese bureaucracy.

PAP mobile divisions are not your everyday "police with guns".  They were ex-PLA divisions partly transferred to the Ministry of Public Security in 1996 to be deployed regularly to civilian trouble spots within China on short notice.  Noticeable examples are the 2009 Xinjiang riot in which a total of 15,000 PAP reinforcements were deployed to that region.  They were deployed to Tibet during the 2008 Tibetan unrest. 

They were one of the first responders to natural distastes such as the 2008 earthquake.  As recent as July 2016, four mobile divisions (~35,000 troops) were deployed to fight the East China flood (here)

From "The Chinese Army Today: Tradition and Transformation for the 21st Century"
By Dennis J. Blasko, here is a list of 14 PAP mobile divisions and their former PLA division numbers:

The PAP mobile division HQ commands their own organic helicopter units, light artillery and IFV,  very much a paramilitary organization.  It will be interesting to learn more about their mandate of this smaller PAP organization when it becomes available.

Hey, the 90s called and they want their infantry fire support weapons back.  Joking aside,  PAP mobile divisions can still operate as light infantry today.  Not sure that will be the case after the downsizing -- they could be specializing into an anti-terror centric organization, becoming smaller and more capable of responding to home-grown attacks.  This will free up PLA's SpOps units to focus more on war-fighting.  Time will tell. 

 PAP with Civilian Police (GongAn)